Fourth Amendment

Searches and Seizures Clause

“The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated…”

Warrant Clause

“…and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.”

The first ten Amendments to the Constitution – known together as the Bill of Rights – were ratified December 15, 1791.