The Constitution – Article III, section 1

Judicial Vesting Clause

“The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time time ordain and establish.”

Good Behavior Clause

“The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour…”

Judicial Compensation Clause

“…and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation, which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.”