Fifth Amendment

Grand Jury Requirement

“No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury…”

Grand Jury Exception

“…except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger…”

Double Jeopardy

“…nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb…”


“…nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself…”

Due Process Clause

“…nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law…”

Takings Clause

“…nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.”

The first ten Amendments to the Constitution – known together as the Bill of Rights – were ratified December 15, 1791.