First Amendment

Establishment Clause

“Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion…”

Free Exercise Clause

“…or prohibiting the free exercise thereof…”

Freedom of Speech and of the Press

“…or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press…”

Freedom of Assembly and Petition

“…or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”

The first ten Amendments to the Constitution – known together as the Bill of Rights – were ratified December 15, 1791.